Production of Nuclear Energy and Its Uses (Structured Questions)


Question 1:
Diagram 1 shows a nuclear fission process of radioactive substance.

(a) Name energy S and ray T in the boxes provided in Diagram 1.
(b) State one use of:
(i) Energy S
(ii) Ray T in medical field.
(c) State one method to detect the presence of ray T.
(d) What is the effect on human beings if exposed to ray T.

Answer:
(a)
Energy S: Nuclear energy
Ray T: Radioactive radiation

(b)(i)

– To generate electrical energy
– To generate large amounts of heat and light in nuclear explosions
(any one)

(b)(ii)

– Used as radioactive tracers
– Used for sterilising medical supplies
– Used in radiotherapy treatment to kill certain cells such as cancer cells
(any one)

(c)
Use a detector such as the Geiger-Muller counter.

(d)
Causes radiation sickness, internal bleeding, infertility, cancer and mutations. 

Leave a Comment